Spay & Neuter


Long-Term Health Effects of Neutering Dogs: Comparison of Labrador Retrievers with Golden Retrievers

Behavioral and Physical Effects of Spaying and Neutering Domestic Dogs  (Canis familiaris)

Summary of findings detailed in a Masters thesis submitted to and accepted by Hunter College by Parvene Farhoody in May, 2010.  © 2010 Parvene Farhoody & M. Christin e Zink

Why I've Had a Change of Heart About Neutering Pets

Gonadectomy effects on the risk of immune disorders in the dog: a retrospective study

Effects of ovariohysterectomy on reactivity in German Shepherd dogs


Determining optimal age for gonadectomy in the dog: a critical review of the literature to guide decision making