cleaning & disinfectants

  • Canine Distemper & Feline Herpes (These “enveloped” viruses are easier to sterilize than non-enveloped viruses)
  • Parvoviruses, canine adenovirus, feline panleukopenia, feline calicivirus, and ringworm (non-enveloped viruses)

Gloves

Gloves help prevent the spreading/transfer of viruses and bacteria. “Always wash hands after removing gloves, especially if you have been handling an animal with a serious or zoonotic illness (hands can become contaminated through small breaks in the gloves or in the process of taking them off).”

https://sheltermedicine.com/library/resources/?utf8=%E2%9C%93&search%5Bslug%5D=sanitation-in-animal-shelters#What%20products

Hand Washing

“It had been widely believed that hand washing was the next best choice when gloves are impractical. However, current research suggests that hand sanitizers are preferable in many circumstances [10]. It is true that proper hand washing has the significant advantage of removing even the most resistant pathogens, and is therefore required under certain circumstances (e.g. when hands are contaminated with feces, blood or bodily fluids, are visibly soiled, or after suspected exposure to a durable pathogen such as parvovirus or ringworm). But it is surprisingly hard to wash hands correctly, and compliance may not be all one could wish for. Ineffective hand washing may actually be less helpful than correct use of a good hand sanitizer [11]. According to the Center for Disease Control, proper hand washing technique consists of the following:

  1. Wet hands with warm running water
  2. Lather with soap
  3. Scrub all surfaces for a minimum of 20 seconds
  4. Rinse
  5. Thoroughly dry hands using two single use paper towels for 10 seconds each – if cloth towels are used, a fresh one must be used for each hand washing episode. Hands should be dried for 10 seconds on one area, then 10 seconds on a fresh area of the towel.

As with environmental decontamination, the drying step is especially important. Moisture on hands may actually facilitate pathogen survival and transfer[12].”

https://sheltermedicine.com/library/resources/?utf8=%E2%9C%93&search%5Bslug%5D=sanitation-in-animal-shelters#What%20products

Hand Sanitizers

  • “The third strategy for dealing with contaminated hands are those convenient hand sanitizer gels.”
  • “Use hand sanitizers according to directions, which usually involves rubbing for at least ten seconds, then allowing hands to air dry.”
  • “Remember, no hand sanitizer is effective against the most durable pathogens, such as the parvoviruses or ringworm.”

“Even though the spectrum of effect may be limited, a slightly less effective method, used consistently and correctly, will provide better results than the theoretically-ideal choice. In one study that compared the bacterial levels on vet students’ hands after performing an exam on a horse, bacterial counts were actually lower on the hands of those who used a hand sanitizer compared to those who washed and dried [11]. The basics of hand sanitizers are as follows:

  • Use hand sanitizers that contain 60-80% ethanol or isopropyl alcohol (due to better efficacy against feline calicivirus). Hand sanitizers should also contain an emollient to protect skin.  
  • Provide and clearly label hand sanitizers in all animal areas and position them within 3 feet of animal exam stations

Use hand sanitizers according to directions, which usually involves rubbing for at least ten seconds, then allowing hands to air dry. For a video that makes hand sanitation seem incredibly fun and glamorous, check out this clip:

  • Avoid alcohol free products in shelters: in addition to being less reliable against calicivirus[13], some of these contain phenol (Triclosan) or quaternary ammonium (benzylalkonium) compounds, which can be toxic to animals at too high a concentration
  • Remember, no hand sanitizer is effective against the most durable pathogens, such as the parvoviruses or ringworm. When these pathogens are suspected, gloves and hand washing are a must.”

https://sheltermedicine.com/library/resources/?utf8=%E2%9C%93&search%5Bslug%5D=sanitation-in-animal-shelters#What%20products

Laundry basics

“Good news here: the vast majority of the time, all that is required is washing in either a regular or commercial washing machine with hot water and bleach, and drying on heat cycle. No more bleach than the usual amount for a given size of washing machine is needed (half a cup for an average household washer). Rescue™ can also be used in the laundry at 1 oz per gallon of washer capacity (no additional detergent product is needed)” https://sheltermedicine.com/library/resources/?utf8=%E2%9C%93&search%5Bslug%5D=sanitation-in-animal-shelters#What%20products

Grass/lawn

“Accelerated hydrogen peroxide or potassium peroxymonosulfate may be the best choice to decontaminate a grassy area soiled by parvovirus”

https://sheltermedicine.com/library/resources/?utf8=%E2%9C%93&search%5Bslug%5D=sanitation-in-animal-shelters#What%20products

 

Rescue™ Disinfectants  https://www.viroxanimalhealth.com/rescue-family