cleaning & disinfectants
Canine Distemper & Feline Herpes (These “enveloped” viruses are easier to sterilize than non-enveloped viruses)
Parvoviruses, canine adenovirus, feline panleukopenia, feline calicivirus, and ringworm (non-enveloped viruses)
Gloves help prevent the spreading/transfer of viruses and bacteria. “Always wash hands after removing gloves, especially if you have been handling an animal with a serious or zoonotic illness (hands can become contaminated through small breaks in the gloves or in the process of taking them off).”
“It had been widely believed that hand washing was the next best choice when gloves are impractical. However, current research suggests that hand sanitizers are preferable in many circumstances . It is true that proper hand washing has the significant advantage of removing even the most resistant pathogens, and is therefore required under certain circumstances (e.g. when hands are contaminated with feces, blood or bodily fluids, are visibly soiled, or after suspected exposure to a durable pathogen such as parvovirus or ringworm). But it is surprisingly hard to wash hands correctly, and compliance may not be all one could wish for. Ineffective hand washing may actually be less helpful than correct use of a good hand sanitizer . According to the Center for Disease Control, proper hand washing technique consists of the following:
Wet hands with warm running water
Lather with soap
Scrub all surfaces for a minimum of 20 seconds
Thoroughly dry hands using two single use paper towels for 10 seconds each – if cloth towels are used, a fresh one must be used for each hand washing episode. Hands should be dried for 10 seconds on one area, then 10 seconds on a fresh area of the towel.
As with environmental decontamination, the drying step is especially important. Moisture on hands may actually facilitate pathogen survival and transfer.”
“The third strategy for dealing with contaminated hands are those convenient hand sanitizer gels.”
“Use hand sanitizers according to directions, which usually involves rubbing for at least ten seconds, then allowing hands to air dry.”
“Remember, no hand sanitizer is effective against the most durable pathogens, such as the parvoviruses or ringworm.”
“Even though the spectrum of effect may be limited, a slightly less effective method, used consistently and correctly, will provide better results than the theoretically-ideal choice. In one study that compared the bacterial levels on vet students’ hands after performing an exam on a horse, bacterial counts were actually lower on the hands of those who used a hand sanitizer compared to those who washed and dried . The basics of hand sanitizers are as follows:
Use hand sanitizers that contain 60-80% ethanol or isopropyl alcohol (due to better efficacy against feline calicivirus). Hand sanitizers should also contain an emollient to protect skin.
Provide and clearly label hand sanitizers in all animal areas and position them within 3 feet of animal exam stations
Use hand sanitizers according to directions, which usually involves rubbing for at least ten seconds, then allowing hands to air dry. For a video that makes hand sanitation seem incredibly fun and glamorous, check out this clip:
Avoid alcohol free products in shelters: in addition to being less reliable against calicivirus, some of these contain phenol (Triclosan) or quaternary ammonium (benzylalkonium) compounds, which can be toxic to animals at too high a concentration
Remember, no hand sanitizer is effective against the most durable pathogens, such as the parvoviruses or ringworm. When these pathogens are suspected, gloves and hand washing are a must.”
“Good news here: the vast majority of the time, all that is required is washing in either a regular or commercial washing machine with hot water and bleach, and drying on heat cycle. No more bleach than the usual amount for a given size of washing machine is needed (half a cup for an average household washer). Rescue™ can also be used in the laundry at 1 oz per gallon of washer capacity (no additional detergent product is needed)” https://sheltermedicine.com/library/resources/?utf8=%E2%9C%93&search%5Bslug%5D=sanitation-in-animal-shelters#What%20products
“Accelerated hydrogen peroxide or potassium peroxymonosulfate may be the best choice to decontaminate a grassy area soiled by parvovirus”
Rescue™ Disinfectants https://www.viroxanimalhealth.com/rescue-family
Which household cleaners are safe to use in free ranging areas
Sanitation in animal shelters
Green Cleaning with SNiPER® Hospital Disinfectant and Odor Eliminator
Change the way you think about cleaning. SNiPER® is mild enough to wash your hands in but powerful enough to kill tough pathogens such as Canine Parvovirus, MRSA and the viruses that cause flu. It is safe to use to clean toys, nurseries, pet areas, kitchens, bathrooms and will eliminate associated odors. Keep surfaces from harboring bacteria, fungi, and viruses by disinfecting with SNiPER®. It is a smart cleaning and disinfecting system that far exceeds other green cleaning products. SNiPER's® efficacy is second to none. Its proprietary formulation is designed to ensure that toxins will not become immune to treatment and SNiPER® will deliver exceptional results every time.
Most disinfectants are poisons. That means they can also poison your home environment! SNiPER® is different. It works through a mechanical action that pathogens cannot become immune to. When you buy SNiPER®, you are enjoying the benefits of ease of application and environmental friendliness. SNiPER® does not leave toxic residues and never emits VOC's or other toxic by-products.